Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl <p><em><span lang="EN-US">Italian Journal of Philosophy of Language</span></em><span lang="EN-US"> (RIFL – Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del linguaggio) is a online-only blind peer reviewed journal publishing articles regarding theoretical and empirical research on Language, mainly in Philosophy, Semiotics, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Epistemology. RIFL research team privileges an interdisciplinary approach, for a more broad view of language. For this reason, RIFL invites and accepts contributions from different research traditions. RIFL publishes papers in Italian, English, French, German, Spanish and Russian.</span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US">Each issue is divided in two sections: the special issue (which is linked to a call for papers managed by an expert of the field who proposes a specific theme to be investigated) adn the section (<em>varia</em>) which collects manuscripts on language.&nbsp; A specific section of RIFL is devoted to reviews.</span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US">Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio is indexed in Google Scholar, Web of Science (WoS). <br></span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US">ANVUR JOURNAL RATING: <strong>Class A - </strong>Area CUN11, Competition sector: 11/C4 (Aesthetics and Philosophy of Language)<strong><br></strong></span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span></p> Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici en-US Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio 2036-6728 <p>Works published in RIFL are released under Creative Commons Licence:<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/deed.en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">.</a> <br><br></p> Introduction http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/726 Gioia Laura Iannili Stefano Oliva Copyright (c) 2022 Iannilli Oliva 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/202212I00 Towards a practical aesthetics: thinking WITH http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/727 <p>In recent years, there has been a proliferation of approaches and formats, such as media philosophy, artistic research, the audiovisual essay, the audio paper, etc., which, although disparate, have something in common – they are grounded in what I would like to call “practical aesthetics”.&nbsp; I am speculating about aesthetics as a “critical practice” that imitatively observes the practice of art in its performance, i.e. a “practical aesthetics” not as “aesthetic practice”, but as an approach that takes seriously the double coding of aesthetics as science and art, and performs it from the perspective of the philosopher, not the artist – it takes the practice of the work of art not as an object of analysis, but as its own modus operandi: this approach does not want so much to think about art in terms of external (usually rational, propositional) categories, which in most cases follow the logic of the “written word” but to think with art: with images, with sound, etc. It is not about what methods we use to understand works of art, but about how we think <em>with</em> works of art, how they shape both our understanding and experience of the world, how they become “accomplices” to our thinking. When a practical aesthetic carries out thinking <em>with</em> images, <em>with</em> sounds, <em>with</em> texts, etc., such non-propositional thinking pushes strictly representational and logocentric reflection to its limits. And if what we have on our side is an accomplice, it means to enter into a relationship with someone whose sensibility one shares, in a way that is not identical, otherwise there would be nothing more to say or do. Practical aesthetics is a mobile and dynamic approach that sees art not as an object of (external) analysis, but as a subject with its own knowledge, and establishes a “co-composing” conceptual interference pattern between theory and practice.</p> Bernd Herzogenrath Copyright (c) 2022 Bernd Herzogenrath 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221201 Before Art as Experience: Dewey’s theory of perception and qualitative thought between aesthetic and linguistic practices http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/728 <p>In this paper I will present a fragment of a wider research project aimed at reconstructing John Dewey’s aesthetic theory of perception using and correlating writings spanning the end of the 19th and the first three decades of the 20th century, before the publication of&nbsp;<em>Art as Experience</em>. Specifically, I will analyze relevant aspects of the 1930 essay <em>Qualitative Thought</em> emphasizing aspects that bring to the fore Dewey’s interest in the relationship between aesthetic and linguistic practices through the lens of the core concept of ‘familiarity’.</p> Gioia Laura Iannili Copyright (c) 2022 Iannilli 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221202 The Seminar as an Aesthetic-Linguistic Practice http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/729 <p>According to Michel de Certeau, Wittgenstein’s notion of language game provides a specific tool to understand everyday practices. In this paper I will focus on a specific linguistic practice, the seminar, addressed by Certeau in a short article in 1978. In doing so, I will use the Wittgensteinian reflection on language games as a theoretic framework – recommended for the investigation of cultural practices by Certeau himself – and I will apply some key concepts from the later <em>The Practice of Everyday Life </em>to clarify the nature of this practice typical of philosophical discussion (and of researchers’ ‘everyday life’). Finally, I will focus on the aesthetic and linguistic aspects of the seminar in order to show its proper nature: neither the mere ‘vertical’ communication of intellectual contents, nor a fusional, ‘horizontal’ and collective experience, the seminar represents a specific linguistic and tactical game in which participants shape a new ‘sense’, a way out of institutional and disciplinary fixed knowledge.</p> Stefano Oliva Copyright (c) 2022 Oliva 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221203 Aphrodite's nose. Archaeology of olfactory beauty http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/730 <p>In <em>L’estetica antica</em>, Italian philosopher Gianni Carchia argues that the concept of beauty in ancient Greece has two characteristics. The first: beauty would be linked to Aphrodite and her mythological profile. The second: Aphrodite's beauty would only be visual. The article seeks to show the theoretical importance of the first thesis and, at the same time, the unsatisfactory character of the second. Precisely because Aphrodite is fundamental to the Greek concept of beauty, the olfactory character of the goddess is also part of it. The sense of smell is also an aesthetic sense, open to language and capable of offering beauty.</p> Marco Mazzeo Copyright (c) 2022 Marco Mazzeo 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221204 The World as Communication. Language and Cosmos in Florensky http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/731 <p>This paper aims to clarify the link between Pavel Florensky’s philosophy of language and his metaphysics of the <em>ikona</em>, by focusing on the theoretical issues of <em>communication</em>. It will nevertheless introduce the historical background and the general features of Florensky’s thought. The identity between names and ideas, as stated in fundamental works such as <em>Mysl i jazyk</em> (<em>Thought and Language</em>) or <em>Ob imeni Bozem</em> (<em>The name of God</em>), shall be read as an attempt to reassess the knowability of being. There is no such thing, Florensky argues, as a conventional or exterior sign, an arbitrary construction depending upon a subject: all beings ultimately reveal what they are, as they are what they reveal. Likewise, in his essays on aesthetics, Florensky strongly highlighted the ontological status of symbolic images as a paradigm of the peculiar symmetry between <em>intelligible sensibility</em> and <em>incarnated meaning</em>. In its immediate concreteness, the materiality of the world shows nothing but its transparency, a window to its own knowledge and purpose. Hence, both words and icons shall be interpreted as particular modes of this self-revelation.</p> Francesco Vitali Rosati Copyright (c) 2022 Francesco Vitali Rosati 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221205 Camérer Fukushima, beetween post-symbolic and film practices http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/732 <p>The article argues, through an analysis of the Peircean categories (icon, index, symbol), that the question of the post-linguistic can be reconsidered on the basis of the post-symbolic functions of the sign. These functions operate internally within the category of symbol. There is no divestment of the sign, only self-development. Considering the symbol as type, in its instituting function, the icon and the index will be analyzed as destituent phases of the signifying chain. Iconic and indexical moments will create a disassembly between phases allowing the possible and preventing signifying closure in the symbolic chain. In addition, through three examples of filmic practices, it will be shown what is meant by indicating the post-symbolic as a moment of liberation of the possibilities of the sign. In the analogy will be traced a unifying function of disparate cases, which nevertheless present structural similarities; while in the icon will be exhibited a brute power, capable of revealing the incommensurability of events. Finally, Deligny’s ‘camérer’ will be identified as a way through which filmic practice can be read, beyond any subject of practice</p> Alessandro Calefati Copyright (c) 2022 Alessandro Calefati 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221206 Acknowledging the Human: The Experience with Performance and the Application of the Concept of "Art" http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/733 <p>In this article, I propose some reasons to explain the relationship between experience with performances and the difficulties in applying the concepts of ‘work of art’ and ‘art’ to them. The hypothesis I formulate is that the performances are works of art that, by causing interferences in the conceptual application, encourage an imaginative activity that projects human limits and possibilities – including those in the use of concepts. This would happen because in the experience with the performances we are influenced by a sort of ‘aesthetic reflexivity’: namely, <em>acknowledging the human </em>– since we are human beings – we are not always able to appeal to the right concepts.</p> Davide Dal Sasso Copyright (c) 2022 Davide Dal Sasso 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221209 "Mythos" and "Logos": "poetic-epistemic authority" in Early Greek philosophy http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/734 <p>This paper focuses on the transition in ancient Greek thought from <em>mythos</em> (understood as “narration”) to <em>logos</em> (understood as “argumentation”). The aim is to investigate the difference between “<em>mythos</em>/narration” and “<em>logos</em>/argumentation” assuming the point of view of their respective conception of “(epistemic) authority” and “epistemology of testimony”. My basic claim is that Parmenides’s <em>Poem</em> is the turning-point in which “narration/<em>mythos</em>” gives way to “argumentation/<em>logos</em>” and that this becomes clear if we take a closer look at Parmenides’s own relationship to Hesiod. In order to develop my argument, I shall put both Parmenides’s and Hesiod’s claims within the framework of contemporary epistemology of testimony, for it might shed new light on these issues.</p> Erminia Di Iulio Copyright (c) 2022 Erminia Di Iulio 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221208 Remarks on the perlocutionary power of language: the case of the Logos epitaphios http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/735 <p>This article aims at making a contribution about the problem of the perlocutionary effects of verbal language through the study of the <em>logos epitaphios</em>, the funeral speech held annually in the democratic Athens of Pericles and Plato. Although we will dwell in detail on this particular type of oration, the epitaph itself is not the theoretical focus of the article. The case under study should be considered as an example, a paradigm, or an instance to bring out issues of general significance. We will begin with a description of this verbal practice in the historical context in which it came into being (§ 1). After an analysis of its structure (§ 2), we will focus on two specific aspects: the opposition between <em>logos</em> and <em>ergon</em> (§ 3) and the centrality of the pronoun «we» (§ 4). Eventually, we will briefly tackle the philosophical-linguistic question of literary genre as a point of reference (§ 5).</p> Adriano Bertollini Copyright (c) 2022 Adriano Bertollini 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/20221207 Giovanni Mari, 2019, Libertà nel lavoro. La sfida della rivoluzione digitale, Il Mulino, Bologna. http://rifl.unical.it/index.php/rifl/article/view/736 Angelo Nizza Copyright (c) 2022 Angelo Nizza 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 16 2 10.4396/202212REC01